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Carmina Burana


Carmina Burana
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Description

Carmina Burana, Latin for "Songs from Beuern" (short for: Benediktbeuern), is the name given to a manuscript of 254 poems and dramatic texts from the 11th or 12th century, although some are from the 13th century. The pieces were written almost entirely in Medieval Latin; a few in Middle High German, and some with traces of Old French or Provençal. Many are macaronic, a mixture of Latin and German or French vernacular.
They were written by students and clergy when the Latin idiom was the lingua franca across Italy and western Europe for travelling scholars, universities and theologians. Most of the poems and songs appear to be the work of Goliards, clergy (mostly students) who set up and satirized the Church. The collection preserves the works of a number of poets, including Peter of Blois, Walter of Châtillon and the anonymous one, referred to as the Archpoet.
The collection was found in 1803 in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern, Bavaria, and is now housed in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich. Along with the Carmina Cantabrigiensia, the Carmina Burana is the most important collection of Goliard and vagabond songs.
The manuscripts reflect an 'international' European movement, with songs originating from Occitania, France, England, Scotland, Aragon, Castille and the Holy Roman Empire.

Carmina Burana, en latín para "Canciones de Beuern" (abreviatura de: Benediktbeuern), es el nombre dado a un manuscrito de 254 poemas y textos dramáticos del siglo 11 o 12, aunque algunos son del siglo 13. Las piezas fueron escritas casi en su totalidad en el latín medieval, unos pocos en el alto alemán medio, y algunas con vestigios de la vieja francés o provenzal. Muchos son macarrónico, una mezcla de latín vernáculo y alemán o francés.
Fueron escritos por estudiantes y clérigos en el idioma latín era la lengua franca en toda Italia y Europa occidental para la movilidad de los académicos, las universidades y los teólogos. La mayoría de los poemas y canciones parecen ser obra de Goliardos, el clero (en su mayoría estudiantes) que ha configurado la sátira y la Iglesia. La colección conserva las obras de una serie de poetas, como Pedro de Blois, Walter de Châtillon y el anónimo, conocido como el Archipoeta.
La colección fue encontrado en 1803 en el monasterio benedictino de Benediktbeuern, Baviera, y se encuentra ahora en la Bayerische Staatsbibliothek de Munich. Junto con el Cantabrigiensia Carmina, Carmina Burana es la colección más importante de Goliardo y canciones vagabundo.
Los manuscritos reflejan un "Movimiento Europeo Internacional", con canciones procedentes de Occitania, Francia, Inglaterra, Escocia, Aragón, Castilla y el Sacro Imperio Romano.

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