Tales of Panchatantra


Tales of Panchatantra
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Description

Tales of Panchatantra

The tales of Panchatantra, perhaps, are the oldest stories known in the literature of India. The dates of the Panchatantra are not known and these tales are usually attributed to Vishnu Sharma. Some believe that the fables of panchatantra are as old as Rig-veda.

The popular story about the origin of Panchatantra goes like this: Once there was a king who has three son who are dull and without any wit or wisdom. Worried about the wellbeing of his sons the king approaches a wise brahmin called Vishnu Sharma and prays him to impart wisdom into his sons. Since the songs of the king are dimwits, he chooses to pass the wisdom in the form of interesting fables. The stories narrated by Vishnu Sarma contains animals and birds and he makes them speak and behave like humans.

Panchatantra tells about five ways that help the human being succeed in life. Pancha means five and tantra means ways (or strategies or principles). Addressed to the king's children, the stories are primarily about statecraft and are popular throughout the world. The five strategies are:

* Quarrel among friends (mitra-beda)
* Gaining friends (mitra labha)
* Of crows and owls
* Loss of gains
* Imprudence (mindless action)

Given below is a list of stories from the Panchatantra:
01. The story of the foolish lion and the clever rabbit
02. The story of the monkey and the crocodile
03. The story of the elephant and the sparrow
04. The Story of the Blue jackal
05. The greedy jackal
06. The heron and the crab
07. The crows and the serpent
08. The swan and the owl
09. The geese and the tortoise
10. The bird with two necks
11. The jackal and the drum
12. The heron, serpent and the mongoose
13. The mice and the elephants
14. The cat partridge and the hare
15. The gold giving serpent
16. The day dreaming priest
17. The mongoose and the farmer's wife
18. The sage's daughter
19. The moon lake
20. The fox reared by the lion
21. The brahmin's gift

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